SPOL 代表 Western Australia’s State Priority Occupation List,也就是西澳州紧缺职业清单,SPOL 将西澳当前紧缺的职业分为3张表:

  • State Priority 1,州内关键紧缺职业,也就是职业首先很重要,其次劳动力缺口比较大,critical & suffering from unmet demand,简写为S1,93个;
  • State Priority 2,州内相对紧缺职业,又分为2a,很重要且有一定紧缺 critical,简写S2-A;和2b,整个西澳都有劳动力缺口,suffering from unmet demand,简写S2-B,共104个;
  • Priority 3(行业紧缺职业,industry level,简写,S3,共103个)。

3个表合在一起统一称为 SPOL, S1(93)+S2(104)共197个职业,这些职业都是西澳境内比较紧缺的职业。WASMOL 上的职业都来自 State Priority 1 和 State Priority 2 。其中在 SPOL 但不在 WASMOL 的职业在移民时叫做 OFFLIST ,OFFLIST 职业有雇主offer也可以移民,否则无法直接申请190或489。

WASMOL 上的职业都来自 SPOL 中的 State Priority 1 和 State Priority 2  ,这些职业都有可能成为州担保职业,这些职业里包括 511112 Program or project administrator,在 S2-B 里,有职位空缺但不是太关键或太严重的,所以临时从担保清单里去除,随着劳动力市场的变化随时有可能再一次进入担保清单。

澳大利亚2013年 SPOL 职业列表,不在 WASMOL(Western Australian skilled migration occupation list 2013 – 2014)中的职业被认为是 offlist 职业,这类职业申请州担保需要雇主offer。

具体的解释详见:西澳未解之谜,SPOL 和 WASMOL

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What are State Priority 1, State Priority 2 and Priority 3 occupations?

State Priority 1

An occupation is deemed to be within the ‘State Priority 1’ tier if:

  • the occupation is a critical occupation; and
  • there is sufficient and appropriate evidence identifying that the occupation is suffering from unmet demand (sometimes known as skills shortage); and
  • it has a statistical OPI rating in the top 50% of occupations in the State; and
  • it is a skilled occupation.

It is worth noting these criteria are all dependant conditions – that is, all four of the dot points listed above must be met for an occupation to be a ‘State Priority 1’.

There are 93 occupations in the 2013 SPOL which are deemed State Priority 1.

State Priority 2

An occupation is deemed to be within the ‘State Priority 2’ tier if:

  • the occupation is a critical occupation (State priority 2a) or there is sufficient and appropriate evidence identifying that the occupation is suffering from unmet demand (State Priority 2b); and
  • it has a statistical OPI rating in the top 50% of occupations in the State; and
  • it is a skilled occupation.

Occupations within the tier that are critical are designated 2a, with those occupations within the tier experiencing unmet demand are designated 2b.

In all, State Priority 2 has 60 critical (2a) occupations, and 44 occupations experiencing unmet demand (2b), making a total of 104 State Priority 2 occupations (and an overall 197 State priority occupations – both tiers combined).

Priority 3

Priority 3 occupations may include occupations identified by training councils at an industry level (or potentially at a regional level via the regional workforce development plans) but where there is insufficient evidence (or the evidence is not definitive enough) to consider that occupation a State Priority.

Previously this rating was called an ‘Industry Training Council-Identified Priority’; however this nomenclature has been changed to acknowledge the much higher threshold in terms of the availability of quality data applied in 2013.

There are 103 training council identified occupations in the 2013 SPOL which are deemed Priority 3.

详见: http://www.dtwd.wa.gov.au/dtwd/detcms/navigation/state-priority-occupation-list/